Jean Dreze(Jean Drèze is Visiting Professor, at the Department of Economics, Ranchi University.) and Amartya Sen had in their book, An Uncertain Glory, debunked the claims of Narendra Modi, not in the context of elections. Gujarat has always remained an economically progressive state before Narendra Modi. A recent book by Hemant Kumar Shah of Gujarat University shows where the slip is. Under Modi the growth rate has come down from 19% to 9.5 per cent in 10 years. Perhaps that explains the deterioration of the state’s development indices. Professor Dreze has rightly pointed out as far as growth is concerned Gujarat has always been above the all-India numbers. But as under Manmohan Singh, wages and employment did not go up with growth rate in Gujarat also. So politically if you have to reject UPA, you have to reject Modi too. Good governance and Modi do not go together. For, CAG has reported Rs.1.8 lakh crore of corruption in the last 10 years under Narendra Modi.
So what are the realities then? Lets have a look back with proper information and unbiased proofs.
1. In 10 years, 60,000 small scale industries have been closed down. (Source: Director, Department of Economics and Statistics, Government of Gujarat 2011-12)
2. Gujarat ranks 5th in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). (Source: Director, Department of Economics and Statistics, Government of Gujarat. & Report by Reserve Bank of India. 2011-12)
3. The state’s total debt was less than Rs. 10,000 crore when the Bjp first came to power in Gujarat in 1995. Gujarat’s actual debt has mounted from Rs. 45,301 crore in 2001-02 when Modi took over to Rs.1,38,978 crore on December 30, 2012, and the debt of Rs 185310 crore on Gujarat as per RBI in 2013-14.The debt would mount to Rs. 2,07,695 crore by 2015-16, as per the state government’s budget estimates. (Source: Director, Department of Economics and Statistics, Government of Gujarat and Gujarat Assembly question hours, 2011-12)
4. Gujarat is at 8th position in agricultural growth. Gujarat has never achieved 10% growth in agriculture sector. As per Gujarat government’s own statistics from year 2005-2006 to 2010-2011, growth in GSDP in Agriculture and Allied sector is 3.44% only-not double digit or 10%. (Source: Gujarat economics and statistics department and Times of India)
5. Food grain and oil seed production has negative growth of (-8.08%) and (-2.08%) as per socio economic review of Gujarat Government 2011-12.
6. Total cultivated area of Gujarat is 107.02 lakh hectors out of which only 36.28 lakh hectors area are under irrigation, (Source: Agriculture & Co-Operation Department Gov. of Gujarat)
7. In Gujarat, VAT on fertilizer is 5%, it is highest in India (Source: Ministry of agriculture, Gujarat, 2010-11)
8. 4874 farmers committed suicide in Gujarat from 2003 to 2012. (Source: Gujarat police department report)
9. As on March 2011, a total of 4, 55,885 applications for power connection for agricultural purposes are pending. (Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Gujarat, 2011-12)
10. In Gujarat, 26 districts have 225 blocks in which 57 are dark zone blocks. (Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Gujarat and Annual Report Narmada Nigam, 2011-12)
11. Close to half of the state’s children under the age of 5 (44.6 %) are known to be suffering from malnutrition. 70 per cent are said to be anaemic while 40 per cent are underweight. (Source: Planning Commission Report-2012-13)
12. In 8 districts and 3 Talukas of Gujarat, 2,494 posts of teachers are lying vacant. In four distrticts of the state, around 978 schools are running with only one or two teachers. (Source: RTI filed by Vinod Pandya GOG reply to RTI, 2011-12)
13. School dropout rate In Gujarat is 57.9 % in Gujarat where as India’s average Dropout Rate is 49.3%. (Source: Times of India report)
14. Teacher, student ratio in Gujarat is 1:52, where the national ratio is 1:32. (Source: Times of India Report)
15. Gujarat is 13th in literacy ranking in India and Kerala is 1ST. (Source: Census Report of India 2011)
16. The expenditure on health by the Gujarat government has fallen from 4.25% in 1990-95 to 0.77% in 2005-2010. The state occupied second position from bottom in terms of allocation of health in state budget. (Source: Planning Commission Report-2012-13 and National Health Profile- Central Bureau of Health Intelligence)
17. In Gujarat the shortage of doctors in PHCs is 33%, the shortage in specialist doctors is 94%, and shortage of nursing staff is 20%. (Source: Times of India Report)
18. Gujarat has 21% shortfall in Sub Centres infrastructure, 19% shortfall in PHCs infrastructure and 11% in CHCs health infrastructure (Source: Times of India Report)
19. Gujarat ranks 20th (the bottom) among the 20 major states in the percentage of women with severe anaemia. (Source: human Development report of the year 2011-12)
20. Gujarat ranks 15th in malnourishment in children (Source: Human Development report of the year 2011-12)
21. Gujarat ranks 16th in children’s anaemia (Source: Human Development report of the year 2011-12)
22. Gujarat ranks 14th in rural IMR and 10th in urban IMR. (Source: SRS Estimates, 2012)
23. Among the major 17 states in India, Gujarat ranks 13th with a Hunger Index of 23.3. The state has been declared as an “alarming state” along with MP, Jharkhand and Bihar (Source: UNDP report on global hunger 2009-10)
24. A total of 67 percent of rural households in the state ranks 10th in the use of toilets. (Source: National Sample Survey 2011-12)
25. Data collected during the National Census 2011 reveals that around 29 percent of the total number of households in Gujarat is receiving untreated drinking water. Approximately 1.75 crore people are not getting clean drinking water. (Source: National Sample Survey)
26. Gujarat has 32% poverty in 2001 and it reached 39.5% in 2011. Every 100 person there is 40 persons poor. Statistics of the NSSO show that the percentage of reduction of poverty between 2004 and 2010 was the lowest in Gujarat, at 8.6 per cent. (Source: Report by NASSO on poverty 2012-13)
27. Gujarat has 2923 slums which are 10% of total slams in India (Source: National Sample Survey report).
28. A total of 52,260 students from the minority community should have got Central government-sponsored scholarship. Since the launch of the scheme, Gujarat has let the funds lapse by not sending any proposal to the Centre for giving these scholarships. (Source: Ministry of Minority Affair, MMA, GOI, 2011-12)
29. Around only 12% Muslims in the state have bank accounts in Gujarat, but their loan amount outstanding stands at only 2.6 percent. This proves they don’t get loans. (Source: A report by Ministry of Minority Affair, MMA, GOI, 2011-12)
30. UNDP United Nations has observed that poverty head count ratio for Muslims is highest in the states of Assam, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Gujarat. (Source: UNDP human development report to UN-2011-12)
31. Of 1,958 riot cases reopened after the Supreme Court order, the Gujarat Police made arrests in only 117 cases – 5 percent of the total.
32. Gujarat stands 11th in implementing Forest Rights Enactment, 2006. (Source: An article on Gujarat is not tribal friendly? DNA Ahmadabad, Tuesday, Apr 3, 2012)
33. One rape takes place every three days in Gujarat. Here, crime against women has increased by 39 percent. After every three days, a girl child is raped in the state. About 60% women of state are abused by their husbands and 35% daughters are sexually assaulted by their fathers. (Source: Ahmadabad Women Association Gujarat (AWAG) and Times of India Jan 25, 2013)
34. Gujarat is behind 19 states on women’s health indicators. The state tops in malnutrition deaths. Forty out of every 100 people are below poverty line. Expenditure on health in the state has reduced from 4.25% to only 0.77%.
35. The post of deputy speaker in Gujarat Assembly has been lying vacant for a decade despite the fact that it is mandatory as per article 178 of Indian Constitution. On an average, the state Assembly runs for 30 32 days a year. No Lokayukta has been appointed since last 10 years.
36. So far, Gujarat has organized 3,716 employment festival. A total of 10 lacks educated youth in the state are unemployed and a total of 30 lakh people are unemployed.(Source: NASSO Report, GOI, 2011-12)
37. As per Gujarat Gov. 2013 report till now 830189 registered unemployed youths are suffering in Gujarat. The NSSO data shows that in Gujarat, growth in employment has dropped to almost zero in the past 12 years. A recent CAG review on accounts of the states is an eye-opener when it comes to Gujarat, the latter’s high claims notwithstanding.
38. The financial and land allotment irregularities in Gujarat amounts to Rs. 16,706.99 crore. (Source: CAG Report 2011-12)
Even so, people are happy by getting fooled with lies by Narendra Modi and BJP, then it won’t be unfair to say that those people deserve to be ruled like fools only.
With Input from Arunava Bid.
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